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Your Burke County Medical Directory plus Glossary
(Click on a link below for a list of area physicians)

Allergy is an exaggerated immune response or reaction to substances that are generally not harmful.

Ancillary Services include such services as x-ray, laboratory, ultrasound, bone density, CT, MRI, mammography, Endoscopy, EEG, pharmacy, occupational health, and walk-in care.

Asthma is caused by inflammation in the airways. When an asthma attack occurs, the muscles surrounding the airways become tight and the lining of the air passages swell. This reduces the amount of air that can pass by, and can lead to wheezing sounds.

Audiologist is a professional who diagnoses, treats, and manages individuals with hearing loss or balance problems.

Cardiologist is a physician certified to treat problems of the cardiovascular system: the heart, arteries, and veins of the body

Chiropractor is a health care professional that emphasizes diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mechanical disorders of the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine, under the hypothesis that these disorders affect general health via the nervous system. The main treatment involves manual therapy including manipulation of the spine and other joints. Chiropractors must be licensed, requiring 2 to 4 years of undergraduate education, the completion of a 4-year chiropractic college course, and passing scores on national and State examinations.

Cosmetic Dentistry is comprehensive oral care that combines art and science to optimally improve dental health, aesthetics and function.

Cosmetic Surgery (Plastic Surgery)

Dentist is a provider of care for teeth and gums that include routine dental exams, cleanings and fillings. Some dentists also perform restorative procedures such as crowns and bridges.

Dermatologist is a physician specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and tumors of the skin.

Digestive Disease are diseases that pertain to the gastrointestinal tract and includes the stomach and the esophagus.

Endermologie is a one of a kind technique designed to reduce cellulite and contour the body.

Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the cause, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the human dental pulp and the surrounding tissues.

Family Dentistry (general dentistry – also see Dentists)

Family Medicine provides comprehensive health care to people regardless of age or sex while placing particular emphasis on the family unit.

Gynecology (see OB/GYN below)

Internal Medicine: Doctors of internal medicine ("Internists") focus on adult medicine and have had special study and training focusing on the prevention and treatment of adult diseases.

Nephrology: The art and science of the care of the kidney.

Neurological (also Neurology & Neurologist) is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the nervous system. Specifically, it deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all categories of disease involving the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous systems, including their coverings, blood vessels, and all effector tissue, such as muscle. Physicians who specialize in neurology are called neurologists.

Neuromuscular (incl. Neuromuscular Dentistry & Neuromuscular Disease) Of, relating to, or affecting both nerves and muscles. Having the characteristics of both nervous and muscular tissue. Neuromuscular Dentistry considers the nerves and muscles and the correct positioning of the jaw. A Neuromuscular Disease is a disorder that affects the peripheral nervous system.

OB/GYN (Obstetrics, Gynecology, Menopause) Physicians who specialize in the medical and surgical care to women with expertise in pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system.

Obstetrics (see OB/GYN)

Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with tumors, including study of their development, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

Ophthalmologist is a doctor of medicine (M.D.) who specializes with the diseases and surgery of the visual pathways, including the eye, brain, and areas surrounding the eye.

Opticians are eye healthcare professionals who work with ophthalmologists (see Ophthalmology) and dispense eyeglasses, contact lenses, low-vision aids, other optical devices, and eyewear accessories.

Optometrist is a doctor of optometry (O.D.) who diagnoses and treats visual health problems. Some optometrists specialize in vision therapy.

Oral & Facial Surgery (also see Cosmetic Dentistry) are Dentists who specialize in facial and other cosmetic surgery procedures.

Orthodontics is the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of dental and facial irregularities caused by misalignment of the teeth and jaw.

Orthopedics deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints, and ligaments.

Orthotics deals with the use of specialized mechanical devices to support or supplement weakened or abnormal joints or limbs.

Pediatric Dentistry is a specialty branch of dentistry that provides both primary and specialized oral health care for infants, children, adolescents, and persons with special health care needs.

Pediatrics: The medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of infants and children, from birth to 21 years of age.

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the study and treatment of periodontal disease: a disease affecting the gums, which consist of the gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone.

Physician: A person licensed to practice medicine; a medical doctor.

Plastic Surgery, Cosmetic, and Reconstructive Surgery refers to a variety of operations performed in order to repair or restore body parts to look normal, or to change a body part to look better.

Podiatrists is a medical specialists of the foot, ankle and lower leg.

Prosthetics: The art and science of developing artificial replacements for body parts

Pulmonary: relating to, or affecting the lungs.

Sleep Disorder involves any difficulties related to sleeping, including difficulty falling or staying asleep, falling asleep at inappropriate times, excessive total sleep time, or abnormal behaviors associated with sleep.

Spine Center: a comprehensive practice dedicated to the management of spine and joint problems.

Sports Medicine is a multidisciplinary field involving physicians, physical therapists, athletic trainers, and other health care professionals trained in diagnosis, treatment, research, education, and prevention of athletic injuries.

Veterinarian is one who cares for the health of pets, livestock, and animals.

Wellness Center encourages, promotes and educates on issues that involve developing healthy lifestyles.

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